There were more than 100 stab wounds on a South Carolina university student from New Jersey who was allegedly killed by a man who attacked her after she mistakenly thought his car was her Uber ride, a pathologist testified Monday.
There was also so little blood left in 21-year-old Samantha Josephson's body — 20 milliliters (1.3 tablespoons) when a body typically has at least 4 liters (1 gallon) — that workers at her autopsy struggled to get enough blood for routine testing, said Dr. Thomas Beaver, who conducted the examination of the woman after her death.
The murder and kidnapping trial of Nathaniel Rowland entered its second week Monday as Beaver spent an hour methodically detailing the roughly 120 separate stab wounds on Josephson's body. He said he didn't have an exact number because there were so many.
“It gets to a point where it really doesn’t add much to the report," said Beaver, a pathologist at the Medical University of South Carolina.
Beaver said almost all the stab wounds were to Josephson's head, arms, chest and back -- and several of the wounds would have penetrated into her brain or neck and been fatal. He took 170 photos and 13 X-rays.
“There were a lot of injuries," Beaver said.
Josephson got into Rowland's car in March 2019 thinking it was her Uber ride back to her house, prosecutors said. Instead, the University of South Carolina student from Robbinsville, New Jersey, found herself trapped in the back seat because Rowland had the childproof lock on, investigators said.
Prosecutors have taken a methodical approach to the entire trial. Before Beaver took the stand, they linked Josephson's blood to areas all over Rowland's Chevrolet Impala, a knife with two blades and cleaning supplies in the trash behind his girlfriend's home and on a sock and bandana owned by Rowland.
The prosecution has introduced a mountain of other scientific evidence, from matching a footprint found on a rear window of Rowland's vehicle to Josephson, to cellphone data showing he was in the area where her body was found some 65 miles from where she was last seen in Columbia's Five Points entertainment district.
Another witness said DNA found under Rowland's fingernails matched Josephson's genetic material.
In previous testimony, Rowland's attorneys have pointed out scientists weren't absolutely certain Rowland's DNA was on the knife and his genetic material wasn't in other places it might be expected.
Their questioning has also shown that while Josephson appeared to fight her attacker — she had several stab wounds that went all the way through her hands — none of Rowland’s DNA was found on her or under her fingernails and no visible marks were found on Rowland after his arrest.
Beaver testified he was certain the knife with two blades taken from the trash can of Rowland's girlfriend was used to kill Josephson. But on cross-examination, Beaver told a defense attorney that he Googled hundreds of pictures of knives after the autopsy to figure out what could have caused the unique wounds and sent investigators a photo of a different-looking weapon.
Rowland faces up to life in prison if convicted. Prosecutors did not choose to seek the death penalty.
Josephson’s death turned a national spotlight on ride-hailing safety and led to some changes, including more prominent displays of driver’s license plates. It is being streamed across the country by Court TV.