American Airlines emerged from bankruptcy protection and US Airways culminated its long pursuit of a merger partner as the two completed their deal Monday to create the world's biggest airline.
It's the latest in a series of mergers that will leave four airlines controlling more than 80 percent of the U.S. air-travel market. With less competition, the airlines have successfully limited the number of seats, boosting prices and returning to profitability.
American's old parent, AMR Corp., is gone, replaced by the new American Airlines Group Inc. CEO Doug Parker remotely rang the opening bell of the Nasdaq Stock Market, flanked on stage by executives and labor leaders of both airlines and in front of a crowd of cheering employees.
U.S. & World
"Our goal here is to go and restore American Airlines to its position as the greatest airline in the world," Parker said. The largest airline as recently as 2008, American struggled through a decade of huge losses and fell behind United and Delta in size.
For passengers, the merger won't mean many immediate changes. Whether the deal leads to higher ticket prices, the issue at the heart of legal challenges from the government and consumer groups, remains to be seen.
Parker said that merger won't lead to higher airfares because the new American plans to keep all the service currently offered by American and US Airways.
"Airline prices are like prices in other businesses -- they track with supply and demand, and we're not reducing any of the supply," he said in an interview with The Associated Press.
Elite members of the two frequent-flier programs will get reciprocal benefits in early January, with other changes being phased in, executives said. The airlines expect to soon be able to book passengers on each other's flights, increasing the destinations available to customers of both.
It will take about two years to combine American's fleet and workforce with those of US Airways, Parker said. US Airways will join Continental, Northwest and other airlines that now exist only in the memories of employees and longtime travelers.
Airline mergers are notoriously troublesome. United has been plagued by computer-network problems since combining with Continental, leading to outages and flight delays. Airlines' technology systems handle everything from passenger information to weight and balance calculations on every flight. Then there is the difficulty in merging two sets of employees who, in this case, are represented by different unions.
Already the two flight-attendant unions are fighting with each other -- reminiscent of the continuing, eight-year battle between pilots for US Airways and America West. The union that represents mechanics at US Airways boycotted Monday's event because their contract talks have been stalled for nearly three years.
Unions at American received Parker like a conquering hero. Their support for a merger led by US Airways executives was a turning point when AMR CEO Tom Horton still hoped to keep his airline independent. For their efforts, the unions won stock in the new company.
Horton, who will serve briefly as chairman before departing, will get severance of about $17 million in cash and stock, the new company said in a regulatory filing Monday. The merger agreement called for a $20 million severance payment, but a judge wouldn't allow AMR to pay it while in bankruptcy.
Longtime American CEO Robert Crandall flew in from Florida for the occasion and predicted that Parker would "recreate a great airline." Crandall said American fell from grace by waiting too long to file for bankruptcy and because his successor angered workers in 2003 with a secret deal on executive bonuses while regular workers were taking pay and benefit cuts.
On Monday, Parker made symbolic moves to extend a hand to labor -- painting over parking spaces once reserved for executives, and asking Nasdaq to inscribe a commemorative opening bell to the employees instead of to him. Still, the honeymoon could be a short one.
"His greatest challenge is keeping positive sentiment on his side," said Vicki Bryan, an analyst with bond-research firm Gimme Credit. "He's at the peak of `happy' right now. He's got to keep the unions happy; he's got to keep the computers running; he's got to keep the balloon in the air."
Both American and US Airways have rated poorly in surveys of airline service, a theme sounded by some passengers interviewed at DFW Airport.
"American could use improvement on courtesy, service and condition of their aircraft -- they have some really old planes," said one flier, Frankie Marrow, a singer from Los Angeles. She wasn't sure that US Airways is the partner to help American get better on those scores either, adding, "I've never been impressed with US Airways."
In their first day of trading, shares of American Airlines Group rose 65 cents, or 2.7 percent, to close at $24.60.