All New York City public school teachers and other staffers will have to get vaccinated against the coronavirus, officials said Monday, ramping up pandemic protections as the nation's largest school system prepares for classes to start next month.
The city previously said teachers, like other city employees, would have to get the shots or get tested weekly for the virus. The new policy marks the first no-option vaccination mandate for a broad group of city workers in the nation's most populous city, though Mayor Bill de Blasio announced Friday that coaches and students in football, basketball and other “high-risk" sports would have to get inoculated before play begins.
Now, about 148,000 school employees — and contractors who work in schools — will have to get at least a first dose by Sept. 27, according to an announcement from the Democratic mayor and the city health and education departments.
“We’re going to do whatever it takes to make sure that everyone is safe and that we push back delta,” de Blasio said at a virtual news briefing. Schools Chancellor Meisha Ross Porter called the policy “another layer of protection for our kids,” including her own 11th-grader.
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The city hasn't immediately said whether there will be exemptions or what the penalty will be for refusing, though de Blasio told MSNBC later Monday that “there will clearly be consequences.” The previous vaccinate-or-test requirement had provisions for unpaid suspensions for workers who didn't comply.
De Blasio said the city would start bargaining this week with school system unions over specifics, and officials hope for agreements. But the mayor said the city intends to implement the requirement Sept. 27, with or without a deal.
Unions that represent city school employees said they needed answers — and input.
“I understand completely why you have the requirement: There’s a pandemic. We just have to make sure that we negotiate" accommodations if a doctor certifies that someone shouldn't get vaccinated, said Gregory Floyd, the president of Teamsters Local 237. It represents about 4,400 school safety agents.
Michael Mulgrew, president of the United Federation of Teachers, said provisions for medical exceptions and other details needed to be negotiated, and he raised the potential of arbitration “if necessary.” The city principals’ union, the Council of School Supervisors & Administrators, said it would “work to protect our members’ rights and interests.”
Custodians' union President Robert Troeller said he was concerned that the city had announced the requirement without bargaining. He said he believed about 60% of the 850 members of Local 891 of the International Union of Operating Engineers had gotten at least a first shot, but some others “are dead-set against this.”
At least 63% of all school employees already have been vaccinated. Though that figure doesn't include those who may have gotten their shots outside the city, de Blasio told MSNBC that officials felt the vaccination rate needed to grow "much more quickly” than it has been rising.
The New York City Municipal Labor Committee, which represents 350,000 city employees, votes to take legal action to require NYC to bargain implementing the vaccine policy before it goes into effect.
"Many of the unions support and urge their members to be vaccinated. However, the City is required to collectively bargain the steps to be taken for implementing this policy," said Harry Nespoli, the chair of the Municipal Labor Committee, indicating that unilateral action by the city would only lead to a delay in the policy being implemented.
Citywide, over 70% of adults have gotten at least a first dose.
The new requirement came as federal regulators gave full approval to Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine, one of three vaccines available in the U.S. All already have authorization for emergency use, but officials hope the full approval will increase public confidence in the vaccines.
After Pfizer got full FDA approval, Gov. Andrew Cuomo repeated his call for all private employers in New York to require every eligible employee to get vaccinated.
School starts Sept. 13 for the city's roughly 1 million public school students, with no remote-learning option planned. Last year, families could choose between all-virtual learning and a blend of in-person and remote classes.
U.S. Education Secretary Miguel Cardona hailed the city's “leadership” on teacher vaccinations, tweeting that it's important to maximize the amount of inoculated people in schools.
New York and some other cities and states have been fighting the virus' highly contagious delta variant by ratcheting up pressure to get more people inoculated.
New York City last week began requiring proof of vaccination t o enter restaurant dining rooms, gyms and many other public places, a first-in-the-nation policy that a few other cities have copied since it was announced. Meanwhile, New York state announced last week that hospital and nursing home workers would have to get inoculated.
Vaccine mandates for teachers are fairly rare so far in the U.S., though Washington state, for one, says teachers must be inoculated or face dismissal.
Vaccinate-or-test requirements for school employees are somewhat more common, existing in places including Los Angeles and Chicago, which are the two biggest U.S. school districts after New York. The state of New Jersey joined the list Mondaywith a new policy affecting teachers and state employees.
In New York state, the court system announced a vaccinate-or-test rule Monday for judges and staffers. Such policies already exist for other state employeesand transit system workers.
A new poll from The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Researchfound that about 6 in 10 Americans say students and teachers should be required to wear face masks while in school, and that teachers and eligible students should also be required to get vaccinated. But Democrats and Republicans differ sharply on these issues, the poll found.