What to Know
- The Democratic-led Legislature passed several criminal justice bills in the last week that advocates have pushed for years, including a bill making it harder to incarcerate people for minor parole violations
- New Yorkers could designate their sex as “female,” “male” or “X” under another bill that passed both chambers
- Some bills didn't come up for votes as was expected, including a bill to automatically seal the criminal records of New Yorkers after a set period of time, depending on the severity of the crime
New York lawmakers wrapped up this year's legislative session this week, but legislative leaders said they may return.
The state Assembly continued its work into the early morning hours of Friday, ending a legislative session marked by the legalization of pot sales and passage of a state budget set to hike taxes on millionaires and increase state spending. The Senate had already ended its session Thursday.
A host of other bills passed both bodies and legislative leaders will now decide when to send those bills to Gov. Andrew Cuomo. He has 10 days to sign or veto the bills. If he takes no action, the legislation would go into effect.
The Democratic-led Legislature passed several criminal justice bills in the last week that advocates have pushed for years, including a bill making it harder to incarcerate people for minor parole violations sponsored by Sen. Brian Benjamin, a Democratic state senator whose district includes Harlem.
New York would raise the age of children who can be arrested and prosecuted to 12, up from age 7, under a billsponsored by Sen. Jamaal Bailey, a Democrat whose district includes the Bronx and part of Westchester County.
And New York could try to sue gun manufacturers in the wake of gun violence under another billsponsored by Sen. Zellnor Myrie, a Democrat from Brooklyn. A federal law shields gun manufacturers from liability, but supporters of New York’s law hope it will allow some lawsuits to succeed despite federal restrictions
Lawmakers also passed several bills to speed up the counting of absentee ballots and set up an online tracking portal for voters to track their absentee ballots following delays, lawsuits and mistakes by election boards that held up the 2020 election results.
New Yorkers could designate their sex as “female,” “male” or “X” under another bill that passed both chambers. Nonbinary New Yorkers sued the state in March arguing the state was discriminating against them by failing to provide the “X” option to indicate nonbinary, intersex, undesignated or other.
Some bills didn't come up for votes as was expected, including a bill to automatically seal the criminal records of New Yorkers after a set period of time, depending on the severity of the crime. Assembly sponsor Rep. Catalina Cruz, a Democrat of Queens, said Friday the Clean Slate Act had the votes to pass and support from Cuomo's office and legislative leaders.
Assembly Speaker Carl Heastie spokesperson Mike Whyland tweeted that there were “technical issues” in the bill, but it was unclear Friday afternoon what those were.
Meanwhile, the Adult Survivors Act, which passed unanimously in the Senate, was not brought up for an Assembly vote. People sexually abused as adults would have a one-year window to sue perpetrators despite statutes of limitations under the bill. Assembly Majority Leader Crystal Peoples-Stokes, a Democrat, had expressed doubt about why opening a window for these lawsuits was necessary, though a spokesperson later said she supports the legislation.
“If someone hurts, you say it right now,” she said in an interview on WAMC's Capitol Connection, which aired Thurdsay. “You want to honor and want to respect their desire to have that as a right. But I’m not sure that we need to be extending the time for them to come to that realization that I need to say something. You need to say something immediately when it happened.”
It can often take years for people to speak up about sexual abuse due to trauma and stigma, according to backers of the Adult Survivors Act. Supporters range from advocacy groups representing people with disabilities, to some of the more than 200 women who say they were sexually assaulted by a former New York gynecologist.
“The majority leader's comment reflect a fundamental misunderstanding of how trauma from sexual abuse can affect disclosure to families, to friends, to law enforcement, to a lawyer,” advocacy group Safe Horizon spokesperson Michael Polenberg said.
The Assembly also hasn't taken up two other bills that passed in the Senate that would extend the statute of limitations for workplace harassment to five years and ensure all state employees are protected from harassment and retaliation.
Peoples-Stokes said Thursday that lawmakers will keep reviewing whether harassment laws are working.
The legislature could return to session later this year if a Judiciary Committee's investigation or another probe by the Attorney General into whether there are grounds to impeach Cuomo over multiple allegations conclude. The allegations include that he groped a current female aide and sexually harassed multiple employees. The governor denies he did anything wrong.
Cuomo is also urging lawmakers to approve his proposal to split up the MTA's leadership into two separate positions he would nominate. Cuomo's proposal failed to pass this week. Critics, including Riders Alliance Executive Director Betsy Plum, said Cuomo already wields too much power over the agency.