Federal agents who normally patrol the U.S. border will be deployed to "sanctuary" cities across the country that are hindering stepped up immigration enforcement, officials said Friday.
The deployment of Customs and Border Patrol agents, some with tactical training, to the interior of the country is unusual and represents another escalation in the confrontation between the Trump administration and local jurisdictions that are resisting stricter immigration enforcement.
Acting Immigration and Customs Enforcement Director Matthew Albence said additional forces are needed because sanctuary cities are releasing immigrants who are in the country without legal authorization from local jails before his agents can take them into custody.
"This effort requires a significant amount of additional time and resources," Albence said in a statement. "When sanctuary cities release these criminals back to the street, it increases the occurrence of preventable crimes, and more importantly, preventable victims."
The acting director did not disclose where the agents would be deployed but an official, speaking on condition of anonymity to disclose details not provided in the statement, said they would include major sanctuary cities such as San Francisco, New York, Chicago and Boston. Newark is also believed to be on the list of cities who could see the agents come to pursue migrants.
Albence also did not provide details on the specific types of agents being deployed, but the official said they would come from varied U.S. locations and would include officers with tactical training that is typically intended to prepare them for potential confrontations with traffickers and other criminals.
In response to the move, New York Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand called it a "tremendous wast of taxpayer money" that makes residents less safe.
New York has the best law enforcement in the world, but they need trust with the community to do their jobs. Once again, President Trump is misusing the powers of his office to target New York," Gillibrand said. "It’s unacceptable and disgraceful."
Other immigrant advocates dismissed the deployment as a political move by President Trump to excite anti-immigration elements among his supporters and intimidate communities that have adopted sanctuary policies to ensure people cooperate with local law enforcement regardless of whether they are in the country illegally or not.
"Deploying elite SWAT-like units to American cities is dangerous," said Naureen Shah of the American Civil Liberties Union. "This is about further militarizing streets."
Shah, senior advocacy and policy counsel for the ACLU, said she was concerned about use of the military-like Border Patrol Tactical Unit in a civilian setting.
"We could see CBP officers who aren't trained for interior immigration enforcement using excessive force, emboldening ICE agents to do the same and escalating situations," she said.
The deployment comes as President Trump and others in his administration look to increase pressure on the sanctuary city movement.
More than 700 counties have now declined to continue holding people sought by ICE and more than 160 have prohibited officers from even asking people about their immigration status, according to the Immigrant Legal Resource Center.
Supporters of sanctuary policies say people will be less likely to report crime or to be a witness if they believe they could be deported for doing so. "Our relationships with our police and sheriff's departments have become stronger because of these policies," said Angelica Salas, executive director of the Coalition for Humane Immigrant Rights of Los Angeles.
Albence and others in the administration say sanctuary policies interfere with legitimate law enforcement efforts.
Rep. Bennie G. Thompson, chairman of the House Homeland Security Committee, said moving agents from the border will weaken security there.
"It is truly alarming that President Trump is moving resources away from the border just to ratchet up his cruel immigration agenda, throw meat to his base, and inflict revenge on states that don't do what he says," said Thompson, a Mississippi Democrat.
The Justice Department this week filed one lawsuit against New Jersey for prohibiting state and local law enforcement from sharing information about inmates in the U.S. illegally and another Washington state's King County over a policy that prohibits the Department of Homeland Security from using the King County International Airport-Boeing Field for deportation flights.
Last week, the Department of Homeland Security said it would bar New York residents from trusted traveler programs such as Global Entry because of state law that prohibits immigration agents from accessing motor vehicle records.