PARIS — When French shoppers start cutting back on buying champagne, oysters and foie gras for New Year's, it's been a rough year.
As Europe prepared to ring in 2009, many revelers said belt-tightening was their top New Year's resolution. The vow followed the most volatile financial year in decades, a time that saw stock markets melt around the world and hundreds of thousands of workers lose their jobs.
Even shoppers in the affluent area west of Paris were scaling back purchases for the traditional New Year's Eve feast.
"We're not going to celebrate in a big way — we're being careful," said architect Moussa Siham, 24. "We will be eating fish for New Year's dinner."
Sydney was the world's first major city to ring in 2009, showering its shimmering harbor with a kaleidoscope of light that drew cheers from more than a million people.
Spectator Randolph King, 63, of York, England, whose retirement fund was gutted in the global financial crisis, summed up the feeling of many as 2008 came to a close.
"I'm looking forward to 2009," he said. "Because it can't get much worse."
Partygoers everywhere struggled to forget their troubles.
In Ireland, thousands of Dubliners and tourists gathered outside the capital's oldest medieval cathedral, Christ Church, to hear the traditional New Year's Eve bell-ringing.
"It is a wondrously beautiful note on which to end what, for many people, has been an awfully out-of-tune 2008," said Gary Maguire, a volunteer pulling the ropes.
On Dublin's north side, Danny McCoy, a recently laid-off construction worker, mulled over his waning fortunes as he got his hair cut at the Drumcondra Barber Shop.
"Last New Year's I had a fat wallet. I didn't have to worry about paying for my round, never mind the taxi fare home," he said. "Tonight I've a mind to keep the festivities close to home, because I can't really afford to do anything."
London Mayor Boris Johnson rejected defeatism in a New Year's message projected on the wall of the Shell Building.
"There are those who say we should look ahead to 2009 with foreboding," Johnson said.
"I want to quote Col. Kilgore in 'Apocalypse Now' when he says 'Someday captain, this war is going to end'; and someday, this recession is going to end," he added. "Let's go forward into 2009 with enthusiasm and purpose."
But Johnson's words may fall on deaf ears. A poll commissioned by the British Web site www.gocompare.com found that Britons were preoccupied with their sinking finances. Some 48 percent intended to reduce or eliminate debt for their New Year's resolution, and 42 percent planned to cut spending, according to the survey by Loudhouse Research.
In Malaysia, the government — mindful of the shaky economy — opted against sponsoring any celebration at all.
In Hong Kong, where thousands thronged to popular Victoria Harbor for a midnight fireworks display, those who had investments linked to collapsed U.S. bank Lehman Brothers said there was little joy to be found.
"I don't think there's any reason for me to celebrate after knowing that my investment is worth nothing now," said electrical repairman Chan Hon-ming, who had purchased a $30,000 Lehman-backed investment.
In India, many were happy to see the end of 2008, after a series of terrorist attacks in several cities, culminating in a three-day siege in Mumbai in which gunmen killed 164 people.
"The year 2008 can best be described as a year of crime, terrorist activities, bloodshed and accidents," said Tavishi Srivastava, 51, an office worker in the northern city of Lucknow. "I sincerely hope that 2009 will be a year of peace and progress."
At midnight in Japan, temples rang their bells 108 times — representing the 108 evils being struck out — as worshippers threw coins as offerings and prayed. In Tokyo, volunteers stirred huge pots of New Year's rice-cake soup, pitched tents and doled out blankets and clothing to the needy.
Japan has long boasted a system of lifetime employment at major companies, but that has unraveled this year amid the financial crisis.
"There's no work," muttered Mitsuo Kobayashi, 61, as he picked up a wool scarf, a coat and pants. "Who knows what next year will bring?"
In Thailand, after protests paralyzed the government for months, the country was finally calm on the last day of 2008 as loyalists of ousted ex-Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra took off for a five-day national holiday. Many protesters come from Thailand's rural northeast and can only get home on longer holidays.
Celebrations were muted in China, where fireworks and feasting are reserved mainly for the Lunar New Year, which in 2009 begins on Jan. 26.
In Beijing, President Hu Jintao summed up the year's challenges and successes, ranging from the devastating Sichuan earthquake — that left nearly 90,000 people dead or missing — to the Beijing Olympics, calling 2008 extraordinary and unusual.
In the Philippines, President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo looked toward the future.
"I pray for greater peace and stability," Arroyo said. "I hope that we can all work together as a global community to weather these storms."