Review: Miller Tries to Understand Nazi Terror in ‘Incident at Vichy'

In France, men are being held against their will by a group that wants to establish its own idea of a new world order, with itself at the top. The violent interlopers will first cow, and then annihilate anyone who doesn’t fit their criteria.

“Incident at Vichy,” written in 1964 and now being revived at the Signature, was Arthur Miller’s attempt to dramatize the meekly resisted rise to power of the Third Reich. It, and “A View From the Bridge,” now on Broadway, win particular attention this year, because it’s the centenary of Miller’s birth. (Three’s the charm: “The Crucible” gets its revival this spring.)

As the one-act drama gets under way, 10 men have been pulled off the street for a racial “inspection.” It’s 1942, and rumors of camps and cattle cars circulate. The men vary in age and profession, but are all unfortunate equals in a makeshift waiting room, where a Nazi academic (Brian Cross) will call them, one at a time, and check to see if they have been circumcised.

The men begin to assess their circumstances, but won’t use the word “Jewish” for fear of self-incrimination: “Listen, you’re Peruvian, aren’t you?” asks Labeau (Jonny Orsini, of “The Nance”), a nervous painter who, like the rest, was arrested after police made an inference based on measurements that included estimating the size of his nose.

A striking element of this “Vichy” revival, coolly directed by Michael Wilson (“The Trip to Bountiful”), is that few of the men look stereotypically Jewish -- aside from one, whom Miller identifies only as the “Old Jew” (Jonathan Hadary, the “Gypsy” Tony nominee). There’s something chilling merely in the variety of the casting.

Miller’s detainees represent a spectrum of philosophical positions. There’s a naive actor (Derek Smith), who is sure this will all work out fine; an anxious teenage boy (Jonathan Gordon), terrified, but wise beyond his years; and a psychoanalyst (Darren Pettie), who is first to recognize the situation’s severity.

To the doctor falls the task of channeling Miller’s heavy-handed moralism: “Part of knowing who we are is knowing we are not someone else. … Jew is only the name we give to that stranger. Each man has his Jew; it is the other.”

Sitting quietly through much of the drama is an Austrian aristocrat (Richard Thomas), who was mistakenly arrested. Thomas’s Baron Von Berg is the everyman who knows great wrongs are happening, but believes there’s nothing he can do about it. His complement in this room is James Carpinello, as a German major perpetrating offenses under orders -- but so conflicted about it that he’s nearly suicidal.

If it’s the well-spoken Pettie who explains why we’re here, it’s Thomas and Carpinello whose performances force “Vichy” into more active territory. “Vichy” comes down to the baron and major in a faceoff. Before us are one man who has been passive, and another who has disassociated himself from his crimes. Is one more guilty than the other? Don't they both have a responsibility to act?

As soon as we understand there's a question being posed, the stage goes dark. That's silence, speaking louder than words.

“Incident at Vichy,” through Dec. 20 at The Pershing Square Signature Center. Tickets: $25-$75. Call 212-244-7529.

Follow Robert Kahn on Twitter@RobertKahn

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