New York City has released a list of 12 struggling schools that will be closed.
The Department of Education says three additional schools will lose the middle school grades and will become either just high schools or just elementary schools.
The department announced the planned closings Thursday and said it would release another list of schools to be closed on Friday.
Schools Chancellor Dennis Walcott said the decision to close a school is never easy. But he said the city has a responsibility to provide students with better options.
United Federation of Teachers President Michael Mulgrew criticized the planned school closings and said the department should instead do the "hard work of helping struggling schools.''
The union has twice filed lawsuits to block school closings.
Here is the list of schools to be closed:
• P.S. 019 Roberto Clemente
• General D. Chappie James Elementary School of Science
• P.S. 014 Cornelius Vanderbilt
• Satellite Three
• Middle School For the Arts
• J.H.S. 296 The Anna Gonzalez Community School
High schools and secondary schools:
• Legacy School For Integrated Studies
• Manhattan Theatre Lab High School
• Gateway School For Environmental Research and Technology
• Jane Addams High School For Academic Careers
• International Arts Business School
• Academy of Business and Community Development
Here is the list of schools that will lose grades 6-8:
• P.S. 161 The Crown
• Academy For Scholarship and Entrepreneurship
• Brooklyn Collegiate: A College Board School