British director Ken Russell, known for his envelope-pushing and controversial films, has died at the age of 84.
The news of his passing was reported by his son, Alex Verney-Elliot, who confirms Russell died in the hospital while being treated for a series of strokes.
Russell's best known films are 1975's "Tommy," where he brought The Who's surreal rock opera to life, the William Hurt-starring sci-fi cult classic "Altered States," the 1991 gritty drama "Whore" (which was one of the earliest films to be branded NC-17), the campy thriller "The Lair of the White Worm," and his Oscar-nominated 1969 film "Women in Love."
He also wrote two autobiographies, and a series of novels based on the sex lives of famous composers, such as "Beethoven Confidential," "Brahms Gets Laid," and "Elgar: The Erotic Variations."
Russell was born in Southhampton, England in 1927 and was a member of the Merchant Navy as a teenager before dedicating his life to writing and filmmaking.